Complete electrical reverse remodeling of native conduction after resynchronization therapies

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College of Computing


BACKGROUND: Electrical reverse remodeling of native conduction is associated with better clinical outcome following cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). We aimed to describe characteristics, time course and long-term outcome of patients with complete electrical reverse remodeling (CERR) after resynchronization therapies. METHODS: CRT candidates were treated with bi-ventricular, His bundle or left bundle branch pacing. CERR was defined if native QRS duration post-implantation was narrowed to ≤120 ms. RESULTS: A total of 322 patients met the inclusion criteria. Among them, 66 were super-responders and 12 exhibited CERR. All 12 patients were diagnosed of non-ischemic cardiomyopathy with left bundle branch block (LBBB) meeting the Strauss criteria. The mean native QRS duration when CERR was achieved was 110.8 ± 10.0 ms, significantly shorter than the baseline (175.0 ± 18.8 ms). The occurrence of CERR varied from several days post-implantation to 18-month follow-up. The persistence of CERR also showed great variations. Eleven patients (91.7%, 11/12) showed echocardiographic super-response. Patients with CERR showed similar baseline characteristics compared to those with echocardiographic super-response but without CERR. Two patients with CERR showed different responses after bi-ventricular pacing was turned off. One patient remained stable with narrow QRS complex and great response. The other patient had reappearance of LBBB and decreased cardiac function, but recovered by turning on the device again. CONCLUSIONS: Patients with CERR exhibited great response to different resynchronization therapies. The time course of CERR and echocardiographic super-response varied greatly. The variability of native conduction system and accompanied changes of mechanical remodeling suggest the mechanisms of electrical-disorder related cardiomyopathy.

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International journal of cardiology