Self-stabilization of Ni/Al2O3 Catalyst with a NiAl2O4 Isolation Layer in Dry Reforming of Methane

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Abstract: Alumina oxide supported nickel (Ni/Al2O3) catalysts generally suffer from fast deactivation caused by coking and formation of nickel aluminate (NiAl2O4) in dry reforming of methane (DRM). Herein, for the first time, a self-stabilization mechanism of the Ni/Al2O3 catalyst (with 0.1 wt% Ni loading) was revealed and effectively applied for DRM. Namely, the conversion of catalytically active Ni species into catalytically inert NiAl2O4 spinel in DRM over the Ni/γ-Al2O3 catalyst could be mitigated by repeated reduction-reaction treatments owing to the increasing amount of Ni located on the NiAl2O4 isolation layer rather than the reactive γ-Al2O3. The self-stabilization could be achieved over Ni/α-Al2O3 as well, even with a faster rate, since the NiAl2O4 isolation layer can be directly formed in the first reduction-reaction cycle due to its small surface area and weak metal-support interaction. These observations not only highlight the importance of an isolation layer for protecting the catalyst from deactivation, but also provide a novel and efficient self-stabilization approach for catalytic DRM. Graphical Abstract: [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

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Catalysis Letters