New data structures for orthogonal range reporting and range minima queries
Department of Computer Science
In this paper we present new data structures for two extensively studied variants of the orthogonal range searching problem. First, we describe a data structure that supports two-dimensional orthogonal range minima queries in O(n) space and O(logε n) time, where n is the number of points in the data structure and ε is an arbitrarily small positive constant. Previously known linear-space solutions for this problem require O(log1+ε n) time (Chazelle, 1988) or O(log n log log n) time (Farzan et al., 2012). A modification of our data structure uses space O(n log log n) and supports range minima queries in time O(log log n). Both results can be extended to support three-dimensional five-sided reporting queries. Next, we turn to the four-dimensional orthogonal range reporting problem and present a data structure that answers queries in optimal O(log n/ log log n + k) time, where k is the number of points in the answer. This is the first data structure that achieves the optimal query time for this problem. Our results are obtained by exploiting the properties of three-dimensional shallow cuttings.
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms
New data structures for orthogonal range reporting and range minima queries.
Proceedings of the Annual ACM-SIAM Symposium on Discrete Algorithms, 1191-1205.
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