Reduction of the environmental impact of essential manufacturing processes

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



The drive of Design for the Environment is to reduce the environmental impact of both design and manufacturing processes. The most frequent method recommended is to substitute better materials and processes. However, there are processes that will continue to have undesirable environmental impacts due to the lack of knowledge of better methods. These processes are critical to manufacturing of products and can not be eliminated. All possible substitutions appear to have worse impacts. This paper explores modeling these processes and imposing a control method which permits an improvement of the environmental impact. Copyright © 1999 Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc.

Publication Title

SAE Technical Papers