Effect of carrier gas on the growth rate, growth density, and structure of carbon nanotubes

Document Type


Publication Date



Department of Physics; Department of Materials Science and Engineering


We attempt to understand the fundamental factors that determine the growth rate of carbon nanotubes. In a series of experiments on growing multiwall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) by thermal chemical vapor deposition, we found that the addition of carrier gas and the type of carrier gas can change the growth rate, growth density, and structures of MWNTs. We explain these results based on the dissociative adsorption of C2H2 on Fe nanoparticles and the vapor-liquid-solid (VLS) growth model. Finally, high-density, vertically aligned MWNTs were grown when decomposition and segregation rates of carbon were balanced.

Publisher's Statement

© Materials Research Society 2004. Publisher's version of record: https://doi.org/10.1557/PROC-818-M11.31.1

Publication Title

MRS Proceedings Online