Data-driven modeling and predictive control of combustion phasing for RCCI engines
Reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) engines center on a combustion strategy with higher thermal efficiency, lower particulate matter (PM), and lower oxides of nitrogen (NOx) emissions compared to conventional diesel combustion (CDC) engines. However, real time optimal control of RCCI engines is challenging during transient operation due to the need for high fidelity combustion models. Development of a simple, yet accurate control-oriented RCCI model from physical laws is time consuming and often requires substantial calibrations. To overcome these challenges, data-driven models can be developed. In this paper, a data-driven linear parameter-varying (LPV) model for an RCCI engine is developed. An LPV state space model is identified to predict RCCI combustion phasing as a function of multiple RCCI control variables. The results show that the proposed method provides a fast and reliable route to identify an RCCI engine model. The developed model is then used for the design of a model predictive controller (MPC) to control crank angle for 50% fuel burnt (CA50) for varying engine conditions. The experimental results show that the designed MPC with the data-driven LPV model can track desired CA50 with less than 1 crank angle degree (CAD) error against changes in engine load.