Suspended sediment yield estimation using genetic algorithm-based artificial intelligence models: case study of Mahanadi River, India

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Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences


The estimation of sediment yield is important in design, planning and management of river systems. Unfortunately, its accurate estimation using traditional methods is difficult as it involves various complex processes and variables. This investigation deals with a hybrid approach which comprises genetic algorithm-based artificial intelligence (GA-AI) models for the prediction of sediment yield in the Mahanadi River basin, India. Artificial neural network (ANN) and support vector machine (SVM) models are developed for sediment yield prediction, where all parameters associated with the models are optimized using genetic algorithms simultaneously. Water discharge, rainfall and temperature are used as input to develop the GA-AI models. The performance of the GA-AI models is compared to that of traditional AI models (ANN and SVM), multiple linear regression (MLR) and sediment rating curve (SRC) method for evaluating the predictive capability of the models. The results suggest that GA-AI models exhibit better performance than other models.

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Hydrological Sciences Journal