Implications of contact line dynamics on Taylor bubble flow morphology

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Film deposition experiments are performed in circular glass capillaries of 500 μm diameter. Two surface wettabilities are considered, contact angle of 30° for water on glass and of 105° when a hydrophobic coating is applied. It was observed that the liquid film deposited as the meniscus translates with a velocity U presents a ridge that also moves in the direction of the flow. The ridge is bounded by a contact line moving at a velocity U CL as well as a front of velocityUF, and it translates over the deposited stagnant film. The behavior of the ridge presents striking dissimilarities when the wettability is changed. Both UCL and U F are approximately twice as large for the non-wetting case at the same capillary number Ca. The Taylor bubbles forming due to the growth of the ridge are also differentiated by wettability, being much shorter in the non-wetting case. The dynamics of the contact line is studied experimentally and a criterion is proposed to explain the occurrence of a shock at the advancing front of the ridge. The hydraulic jump cannot be explained by the Froude condition of shock formation in shallow waters, or by an inertial dewetting of the deposited film. For a dynamic contact angle of qd = 6° and according to the proposed criterion, a hydraulic jump forms at the front of the ridge when a critical velocity is reached. Copyright © 2010 by ASME.

Publication Title

ASME 2010 8th International Conference on Nanochannels, Microchannels, and Minichannels Collocated with 3rd Joint US-European Fluids Engineering Summer Meeting, ICNMM2010