Dynamic modelling and controller design of combustion phasing for an rcci engine

Document Type

Conference Proceeding

Publication Date



Copyright © 2016 by ASME. Reactivity controlled compression ignition (RCCI) is an advanced low temperature combustion strategy introduced to achieve near-zero NOx and soot emissions while maintaining diesel-like efficiencies. Precise control of RCCI combustion phasing is necessary in realizing high fuel conversion efficiency as well as meeting stringent emission standards. Model-based control of combustion phasing provides a powerful tool for real-time control during transient operation of the RCCI engine, which requires a computationally efficient combustion model that encompasses factors such as, injection timings, fuel blend composition and reactivity. In this work, physics-based models are developed to predict the combustion phasing of a 1.9-liter RCCI engine. A mean value control-oriented model (COM) of RCCI is developed by combining the auto-ignition model, the burn duration model, and a Wiebe function to predict combustion phasing. Development of a model-based controller requires a dynamic model which can predict engine operation, i.e., estimation of combustion phasing, on a cycle-to-cycle basis. Hence, the mean-value model is extended to encompass the full-cycle engine operation by including the expansion and exhaust strokes. In addition, the dynamics stemming from the thermal coupling between cycles are accounted for, that results in a dynamic RCCI control-oriented model capable of predicting the transient operation of the engine. This model is then simplified and linearized in order to develop a linear observer-based feedback controller to control the combustion phasing using the premixed ratio (the ratio of the port injected gasoline fuel to the total gasoline/diesel fuel injected). The designed controller depicts an accurate tracking performance of the desired combustion phasing and successfully rejects external disturbances in engine operating conditions.

Publication Title

ASME 2016 Dynamic Systems and Control Conference, DSCC 2016