Adaptive Discrete Second-Order Sliding Mode Control with Application to Nonlinear Automotive Systems

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Copyright © 2018 by ASME. Sliding mode control (SMC) is a robust and computationally efficient model-based controller design technique for highly nonlinear systems, in the presence of model and external uncertainties. However, the implementation of the conventional continuous-time SMC on digital computers is limited, due to the imprecisions caused by data sampling and quantization, and the chattering phenomena, which results in high-frequency oscillations. One effective solution to minimize the effects of data sampling and quantization imprecisions is the use of higher-order sliding modes. To this end, in this paper, a new formulation of an adaptive second-order discrete sliding mode controller (DSMC) is presented for a general class of multi-input multi-output (MIMO) uncertain nonlinear systems. Based on a Lyapunov stability argument and by invoking the new invariance principle, not only the asymptotic stability of the controller is guaranteed but also the adaptation law is derived to remove the uncertainties within the nonlinear plant dynamics. The proposed adaptive tracking controller is designed and tested in real time for a highly nonlinear control problem in spark ignition (SI) combustion engine during transient operating conditions. The simulation and real-time processor-in-the-loop (PIL) test results show that the second-order single-input single-output (SISO) DSMC can improve the tracking performances up to 90%, compared to a first-order SISO DSMC under sampling and quantization imprecisions, in the presence of modeling uncertainties. Moreover, it is observed that by converting the engine SISO controllers to a MIMO structure, the overall controller performance can be enhanced by 25%, compared to the SISO second-order DSMC, because of the dynamics coupling consideration within the MIMO DSMC formulation.

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Journal of Dynamic Systems, Measurement and Control, Transactions of the ASME