Vibrations of double-walled carbon nanotubes with different boundary conditions between inner and outer tubes

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Free vibrations of a double-walled carbon nanotube (DWNT) are studied. The inner and outer carbon nanotubes are modeled as two individual elastic beams interacting each other by van der Waals forces. An original method is proposed to calculate the first seven order resonant frequencies and relative vibrational modes. Detailed results are demonstrated for DWNTs according to the different boundary conditions between inner and outer tubes, such as fixed-free, cantilever-free, fixed-simple and fixed-fixed (reduced form) supported ends. Our results indicate that there is a special invariable frequency for a DWNT that is not affected by different combinations of boundary conditions. All vibrational modes of the DWNT must be coaxial when the resonant frequency is smaller than this frequency. Some noncoaxial vibrations will occur when their resonant frequencies exceed the frequency. Especially, the first noncoaxial resonant frequency is still invariable for all different boundary conditions. A change of resonant frequency for various lengths of DWNTs is discussed in detail. In addition, our model predicts a new coaxial-noncoaxial vibrational mode in fixed-simple supports for inner and outer tubes of a DWNT. Copyright © 2008 by ASME.

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Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME