A GLRT approach to data-aided timing acquisition in UWB radios - Part I: Algorithms

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Realizing the great potential of impulse radio communications depends critically on the success of timing acquisition. To this end, optimum data-aided (DA) timing offset estimators are derived in this paper based on the maximum likelihood (ML) criterion. Specifically, generalized likelihood ratio tests (GLRTs) are employed to detect an ultrawideband (UWB) waveform propagating through dense multipart) and to estimate the associated timing and channel parameters in closed form. Capitalizing on the pulse repetition pattern, the GLRT boils down to an amplitude estimation problem, based on which closed-form timing acquisition estimates can be obtained without invoking any line search. The proposed algorithms only employ digital samples collected at a low symbol rate, thus reducing considerably the implementation complexity and acquisition time. Analytical acquisition performance bounds and corroborating simulations are also provided. © 2005 IEEE.

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IEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications