Broadband, miniaturized stacked-patch antennas for L-band operation based on magneto-dielectric substrates

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Design of stacked-patch antennas using magneto-dielectric substrates was investigated. In particular, special types of substrates with identical relative permittivity and permeability were considered. The optimal design parameters were determined using a genetic algorithm. It will be shown that by employing these matched magneto-dielectric substrates, a significant miniaturization of up to 60% can be achieved while providing a large operating bandwidth (20%). Several design examples were considered and their performance was evaluated using a full-wave analysis technique based on the method of moments. The tradeoff between antenna gain and degree of miniaturization for a fixed bandwidth was also investigated. A fabrication methodology for obtaining the required matched magneto-dielectric substrate materials is also proposed. © 2006 IEEE.

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IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation