Circular arrays and inertial measurement unit for DOA/TOA/TDOA-based endoscopy capsule localization: Performance and complexity investigation

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© 2014 IEEE. This paper investigates the performance of wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE) tracking within the irregular environment of digestion system by integrating directional-of-arrival (DOA), time-of-arrival (TOA) [or time-difference-of-arrival (TDOA)], and inertial measurement unit (IMU) measurements using the extended Kalman filter (EKF). Here, an emitter transmits a signal to the WCE, and the WCE replies the signal back to a set of antenna arrays. Then, the round trip TOA, and the DOA of the signals transmitted from WCE to the antenna arrays are measured. The digestion system path model is considered unknown, and the movement model between two consecutive signals is assumed linear. Simulations are conducted to investigate the EKF performance as a function of the number of antenna arrays, antenna array configuration, and TOA (and TDOA) estimation accuracy. In addition, the impact of IMU on the localization performance will be studied. Simulations confirm the proposed WCE tracking performance. In addition, the computational complexity of the EKF with respect to the number of antenna array is studied.

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IEEE Sensors Journal