Ab initio prediction of GaN) and (110) anomalous surface relaxation

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The results of a study of the surface relaxation of GaN in the framework of the ab initio (all-electron) Hartree-Fock method are presented. We perform total-energy calculations using a two-dimensionally periodic slab model for the most stable nonpolar cleavage faces, namely, the ((Formula presented)) and (110) surfaces of the wurtzite and zinc-blende phases, respectively. For both surfaces, when the energy is minimized the Ga-N surface bonds show a very small rotation angle of about 6° accompanied by a reduction in surface bond length of about 7%. This result differs from the well-accepted model of the GaP (110) and GaAs (110) surfaces, where there is a large rotational angle in the range of 27°-31° and little change in surface bond length. The structure dependence of the calculated density of states suggests that this difference is at least partly due to interaction of the Ga (Formula presented) states with N (Formula presented)-derived states in GaN. Partial double-bond character in the surface bond may also be important. © 1996 The American Physical Society.

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Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics