Electronic structure of the rocksalt-structure semiconductors ZnO and CdO

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ZnO, which normally occurs in the hexagonal wurtzite structure, can be transformed to the cubic rocksalt (NaCl) structure by the application of high pressure; this cubic phase has been reported to be metastable at atmospheric pressure. The band structure of this phase is calculated by the ab initio correlated Hartree-Fock method. Not surprisingly, the band structure of rocksalt ZnO is very similar to that of CdO, which has the same crystal structure; we present a band-structure calculation for CdO, which we believe is more accurate than any in the literature. A hallmark of these band structures is that the valence-band maximum is not at the center of the Brillouin zone, in contrast to the situation in tetrahedrally coordinated II-VI semiconductors. We confirm by direct calculation that this peculiarity of the band structure is a consequence of the hybridization of oxygen 2p-derived orbitals with Zn 3d or Cd 4d states, combined with octahedral point symmetry. © 1991 The American Physical Society.

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Physical Review B