A characterization of Gorenstein Hilbert functions in codimension four with small initial degree

Document Type


Publication Date



The main goal of this paper is to characterize the Hilbert functions of all (artinian) codimension 4 Gorenstein algebras that have at least two independent relations of degree four. This includes all codimension 4 Gorenstein algebras whose initial relation is of degree at most 3. Our result shows that those Hilbert functions are exactly the so-called {\em SI-sequences} starting with (1,4,h2,h3,...), where h4≤33. In particular, these Hilbert functions are all unimodal. We also establish a more general unimodality result, which relies on the values of the Hilbert function not being too big, but is independent of the initial degree.

Publisher's Statement

Copyright International Press 2008. Publisher’s version of record: http://dx.doi.org/10.4310/MRL.2008.v15.n2.a11

Publication Title

Mathematical Research Letters