Fluxes, sizes, morphology and compositions of particles in the Mt. Erebus volcanic plume, December 1983
Use of an airborne quartz crystal microbalance cascade impactor instrument together with a correlation spectrometer has allowed the flux of particles and their size distribution to be determined at Mount Erebus. The plume contributes 21±3 metric tomnes/day of aerosol particles to the Antarctic upper troposphere. The aerosol particles consist of larger (5–25 μm) particles of elemental sulfur and silica, a middle sized group of iron oxides and smaller particles (less than 1 μm) of complex liquids. Unlike many volcanic plumes, the Erebus plume has only a small amount of sulfate particles. The concentrations of particles in the Erebus plumes was 70–370 μm/m3. Limited sampling of the Antarctic atmosphere at 8 km altitude but hundreds of km away from Erebus obtained a few large particles of sulfur and silicates, suggesting a similarity with the Erebus plume. The fallout of these particles occurs slowly over a broad area of the Antarctic continent.
Journal of Atmospheric Chemistry
Chuan, Raymond L.; Palais, Julie; Rose, William I.; and Kyle, Philip R., "Fluxes, sizes, morphology and compositions of particles in the Mt. Erebus volcanic plume, December 1983" (1986). Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences Publications. 128.