Date of Award
Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics
Michele H. Miller
Vapor sensors have been used for many years. Their applications range from detection of toxic gases and dangerous chemicals in industrial environments, the monitoring of landmines and other explosives, to the monitoring of atmospheric conditions. Microelectrical mechanical systems (MEMS) fabrication technologies provide a way to fabricate sensitive devices. One type of MEMS vapor sensors is based on mass changing detection and the sensors have a functional chemical coating for absorbing the chemical vapor of interest. The principle of the resonant mass sensor is that the resonant frequency will experience a large change due to a small mass of gas vapor change. This thesis is trying to build analytical micro-cantilever and micro-tilting plate models, which can make optimization more efficient. Several objectives need to be accomplished:
(1) Build an analytical model of MEMS resonant mass sensor based on micro-tilting plate with the effects of air damping.
(2) Perform design optimization of micro-tilting plate with a hole in the center.
(3) Build an analytical model of MEMS resonant mass sensor based on micro-cantilever with the effects of air damping.
(4) Perform design optimization of micro-cantilever by COMSOL.
Analytical models of micro-tilting plate with a hole in the center are compared with a COMSOL simulation model and show good agreement. The analytical models have been used to do design optimization that maximizes sensitivity. The micro-cantilever analytical model does not show good agreement with a COMSOL simulation model. To further investigate, the air damping pressures at several points on the micro-cantilever have been compared between analytical model and COMSOL model. The analytical model is inadequate for two reasons. First, the model’s boundary condition assumption is not realistic. Second, the deflection shape of the cantilever changes with the hole size, and the model does not account for this. Design optimization of micro-cantilever is done by COMSOL.
Song, Xiaoyu, "IMPROVED SENSITIVITY OF RESONANT MASS SENSOR BASED ON MICRO TILTING PLATE AND MICRO CANTILEVER", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2015.