Date of Award


Document Type

Master's report

Degree Name

Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MS)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering


Paul L. Bergstrom


Amperometric electrodeposition has been used to obtain uniform, conductive, and repeatable polyaniline (PANi) thin films for use in nano scaled biochemical sensors. This report describes the characterization of these films. Techniques such as ellipsometry were used to test repeatability of the deposition and the uniformity of the deposited thin films. Raman spectroscopy was utilized to confirm the composition of the deposited PANi thin films. Fluorescence microscopy was used to determine the immobilization of antibodies to the PANi thin films using biotin-avidin interactions, as well as the density of active binding sites. Ellipsometry results demonstrated that biomolecules could be immobilized on PANi films as thin as 9nm. Evidence from the Raman spectroscopy demonstrated the conductive nature of the PANi films. The fluorescence microscopy demonstrated that antibodies could be immobilized on PANi films, although the experiment also demonstrated a low density of binding sites. The characterization demonstrates the utility of the PANi thin films as a conductive interface between the inorganic sensor platform and biochemical molecules.