Date of Award

2014

Document Type

Master's report

Degree Name

Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MS)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics

Advisor

Gregory M. Odegard

DOI

10.37099/mtu.dc.etds/809

Abstract

Amorphous carbon has been investigated for a long time. Since it has the random orientation of carbon atoms, its density depends on the position of each carbon atom. It is important to know the density of amorphous carbon to use it for modeling advance carbon materials in the future. Two methods were used to create the initial structures of amorphous carbon. One is the random placement method by randomly locating 100 carbon atoms in a cubic lattice. Another method is the liquid-quench method by using reactive force field (ReaxFF) to rapidly decrease the system of 100 carbon atoms from the melting temperature. Density functional theory (DFT) was used to refine the position of each carbon atom and the dimensions of the boundaries to minimize the ground energy of the structure. The average densities of amorphous carbon structures created by the random placement method and the liquid-quench method are 2.59 and 2.44 g/cm3, respectively. Both densities have a good agreement with previous works. In addition, the final structure of amorphous carbon generated by the liquid-quench method has lower energy.

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