Date of Award
Master of Science in Computer Engineering (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Timothy C. Havens
Virtually every sector of business and industry that uses computing, including financial analysis, search engines, and electronic commerce, incorporate Big Data analysis into their business model. Sophisticated clustering algorithms are popular for deducing the nature of data by assigning labels to unlabeled data. We address two main challenges in Big Data. First, by definition, the volume of Big Data is too large to be loaded into a computer’s memory (this volume changes based on the computer used or available, but there is always a data set that is too large for any computer). Second, in real-time applications, the velocity of new incoming data prevents historical data from being stored and future data from being accessed. Therefore, we propose our Streaming Kernel Fuzzy c-Means (stKFCM) algorithm, which reduces both computational complexity and space complexity significantly. The proposed stKFCM only requires O(n2) memory where n is the (predetermined) size of a data subset (or data chunk) at each time step, which makes this algorithm truly scalable (as n can be chosen based on the available memory). Furthermore, only 2n2 elements of the full N × N (where N >> n) kernel matrix need to be calculated at each time-step, thus reducing both the computation time in producing the kernel elements and also the complexity of the FCM algorithm. Empirical results show that stKFCM, even with relatively very small n, can provide clustering performance as accurately as kernel fuzzy c-means run on the entire data set while achieving a significant speedup.
Zhang, Zijian, "SCALABLE APPROXIMATION OF KERNEL FUZZY C-MEANS", Master's report, Michigan Technological University, 2014.