Date of Award
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Chemical Engineering
Caryn L Heldt
Electrospinning uses electrostatic forces to create nanofibers that are far smaller than conventional fiber spinning process. Nanofibers made with chitosan were created and techniques to control fibers diameter and were well developed. However, the adsorption of porcine parvovirus (PPV) was low. PPV is a small, nonenveloped virus that is difficult to remove due to its size, 18-26 nm in diameter, and its chemical stability. To improve virus adsorption, we functionalized the nanofibers with a quaternized amine, forming N-[(2-hydroxy-3-trimethylammonium) propyl] chitosan chloride (HTCC). This was blended with additives to increase the ability to form HTCC nanofibers. The additives changed the viscosity and conductivity of the electrospinning solution. We have successfully synthesized and functionalized HTCC nanofibers that absorb PPV. HTCC blend with graphene have the ability to remove a minimum of 99% of PPV present in solution.
Bai, Bingyu, "Electrospun chitosan nanofibers for virus removal", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2012.