Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Physics (PhD)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Physics


Ravindra Pandey


Graphene as a carbon monolayer has attracted extensive research interest in recent years. My research work within the frame of density functional theory has suggested that positioning graphene in proximity to h-BN may induce a finite energy gap in graphene, which is important for device applications. For an AB-stacked graphene/BN bilayer, a finite gap is induced at the equilibrium configuration. This induced gap shows a linear relationship with the applied strain. For a graphene/BN/graphene trilayer, a negligible gap is predicted in the ground state due to the overall symmetry of the system. When an electric field is applied, a tunable gap can be obtained for both AAA and ABA stackings.

Enhanced tunneling current in the AA-stacked bilayer nanoribbons is predicted compared to either single-layer or AB-stacked bilayer nanoribbons. Interlayer separation between the nanoribbons is shown to have a profound impact on the conducting features. The effect of boron or nitrogen doping on the electronic transport properties of C60 fullerene is studied. The BC59 fullerene exhibits a considerably higher current than the pristine or nitrogen doped fullerenes beyond the applied bias of 1 V, suggesting it can be an effective semiconductor in p-type devices.

The interaction between nucleic acid bases - adenine (A), guanine (G), cytosine (C), thymine (T) and uracil (U) - and a hydrogen-passivated silicon nanowire (SiNW) is investigated. The binding energy of the bases with the SiNW shows the order: G > A~C~T~U. This suggests that the interaction strength of a hydrogen passivated SiNW with the nucleic acid bases is nearly the same-G being an exception. The nature of the interaction is suggested to be electrostatic.

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