Date of Award


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry (MS)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Chemistry


Lynn Rebecca Mazzoleni


Isolated water-soluble analytes extracted from fog water collected during a radiation fog event near Fresno, CA were analyzed using collision induced dissociation and ultrahigh-resolution mass spectrometry. Tandem mass analysis was performed on scan ranges between 100-400 u to characterize the structures of nitrogen and/or sulfur containing species. CHNO, CHOS, and CHNOS compounds were targeted specifically because of the high number of oxygen atoms contained in their molecular formulas. The presence of 22 neutral losses corresponding to fragment ions was evaluated for each of the 1308 precursors. Priority neutral losses represent specific polar functional groups (H2O, CO2, CH3OH, HNO3, SO3, etc., and several combinations of these). Additional neutral losses represent non-specific functional groups (CO, CH2O, C3H8, etc.) Five distinct monoterpene derived organonitrates, organosulfates, and nitroxy-organosulfates were observed in this study, including C10H16O7S, C10H17NO7S, C10H17 NO8S, C10H17NO9S, and C10H17NO10S. Nitrophenols and linear alkyl benzene sulfonates were present in high abundance. Liquid chromatography/mass spectrometery methodology was developed to isolate and quantify nitrophenols based on their fragmentation behavior.

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