Characterization of harmonic tremor at Santiaguito volcano and its implications for eruption mechanisms
Date of Award
Master of Science in Geology (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences
Gregory Phillip Waite
We observed Santiaguito volcano in southwestern Guatemala from March 2008 - March 2010. Seismic and infrasound data collected between January and March of 2009 contain records of many diverse processes occurring at the dacitic dome complex, including the recurrence of short lived (30-200 seconds in duration) harmonic tremor concurrent with ash poor gas emissions from the volcano. We employ several different analytical techniques to examine different portions of the tremor and source mechanisms. We use the parameters derived by this analysis to compare the feasibility of several suggested models of eruption mechanisms, and determine that this type of harmonic tremor is most justifiably generated by the flow of gas through crack networks generated by shear fracture along the magma conduit margin.
Brill, Kyle Arthur, "Characterization of harmonic tremor at Santiaguito volcano and its implications for eruption mechanisms ", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2011.