Date of Award


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Geophysics (MS)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Geological and Mining Engineering and Sciences


Wayne D Pennington


The Collingwood Member is a mid to late Ordovician self-sourced reservoir deposited across the northern Michigan Basin and parts of Ontario, Canada. Although it had been previously studied in Canada, there has been relatively little data available from the Michigan subsurface. Recent commercial interest in the Collingwood has resulted in the drilling and production of several wells in the state of Michigan.

An analysis of core samples, measured laboratory data, and petrophysical logs has yielded both a quantitative and qualitative understanding of the formation in the Michigan Basin. The Collingwood is a low permeability and low porosity carbonate package that is very high in organic content. It is composed primarily of a uniformly fine grained carbonate matrix with lesser amounts of kerogen, silica, and clays. The kerogen content of the Collingwood is finely dispersed in the clay and carbonate mineral phases.

Geochemical and production data show that both oil and gas phases are present based on regional thermal maturity. The deposit is richest in the north-central part of the basin with thickest deposition and highest organic content. The Collingwood is a fairly thin deposit and vertical fractures may very easily extend into the surrounding formations. Completion and treatment techniques should be designed around these parameters to enhance production.