Off-campus Michigan Tech users: To download campus access theses or dissertations, please use the following button to log in with your Michigan Tech ID and password: log in to proxy server

Non-Michigan Tech users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.

Date of Award


Document Type

Campus Access Master's Report

Degree Name

Master of Science in Applied Ecology (MS)

Administrative Home Department

College of Forest Resources and Environmental Science

Advisor 1

Mickey Jarvi

Committee Member 1

Rodney Chimner

Committee Member 2

Michael Hyslop


Willows (Salix spp.) are useful in wetland restorations as they are very tolerant of flooding and pollution and provide important ecosystem services such as streambank and dune stabilization. Transplantation is accomplished by trimming young branches from established willows and staking them in the desired locations. Previous studies have examined what factors (such as diameter of stakes, flooding and drought conditions, and scoring and/or soaking the stakes) influence survival and growth of these stakes.

The objective of this study was to determine whether diameter of stake, height of stake, or application of shadecloth to cover competing vegetation would impact survival rates. The heights and diameters of 192 stakes were recorded at the time of planting. Half of the stakes were surrounded with shadecloth. After surviving individuals were recorded, analysis showed that increased height, decreased diameter, higher water table and lack of shadecloth improved the likelihood of survival.