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Date of Award


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry (MS)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Chemistry

First Advisor

Lanrong Bi


Free radicals play an important role in many physiological processes that occur in the human body such as cellular defense responses to infectious agents and a variety of cellular signaling pathways. While at low concentrations free radicals are involved in many significant metabolic reactions, high levels of free radicals can have deleterious effects on biomolecules like proteins, lipids, and DNA. Many physiological disorders such as diabetes, ageing, neurodegenerative diseases, and ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury are associated with oxidative stress.1 In particular, the deleterious effects caused by I/R injury developed during organ transplantation, cardiac infarct, and stroke have become the main cause of death in the United States and Europe.1,2 In this context, we synthesized and characterized a series of novel indole-amino acid conjugates as potential antioxidants for I/R injury. The synthesis of indole-phenol conjugate compounds is also discussed.

Phenolic derivatives such as caffeic acid, butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT), butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA), resveratrol, and its analogues are known for their significant antioxidative properties. A series of resveratrol analogues have been designed and synthesized as potential antioxidants. The radical scavenging mechanisms for potential antioxidants and assays for the in vitro evaluation of antioxidant activities are also discussed.