Formyl groups at 6- and 2,6-positions initiated Knoevenagel reactions of the methyl groups at the 7, and 1,7-positions of 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl BODIPY dyes with aromatic aldehydes. Formation of vinyl bonds at the 7-, and 1,7-positions facilitates further Knoevenagel reactions of the methyl groups at the 3,5-positions. This approach offers fast, facile and versatile ways to prepare potential novel building blocks of BODIPY dyes for conjugated oligomers, dendrimers, and highly water-soluble, near-infrared emissive sensing materials.
Zhu, Shilei; Zhang, Jingtuo; Vegesna, Giri; Tiwari, Ashutosh; Luo, Fen-Tair; Zeller, Matthias; Luck, Rudy; Li, Haihua; Green, Sarah; and Liu, Haiying, "Controlled Knoevenagel reactions of methyl groups of 1,3,5,7-tetramethyl BODIPY dyes for unique BODIPY dyes" (2012). Department of Chemistry Publications. 72.