Vibration‐based bridge scour detection: A review

Document Type

Book Review

Publication Date



Scour around bridge foundations is regarded as one of the predominant causes of bridge failures. Traditional methods primarily employ underwater instruments to detect bridge scour depths, which thus have difficulties in instrument installations and operations. The concept of scour detection derived from vibration‐based damage detection has been explored in recent years to address such difficulties by investigating the natural frequency spectrum of a bridge or a bridge component. This paper presents a comprehensive review of existing studies on scour detection using the natural frequency spectrum of a bridge or a bridge component. Underlying mechanisms, laboratory and field tests, numerical studies, and data processing schemes are reviewed to summarize the state of the art, which are absent but urgently needed. Updates on recently developed scour monitoring sensors are also provided to complement the introduction. Based on the review, in‐depth discussions in existing studies are made regarding a few controversial and unsolved issues to shed light on future research, highlighting issues such as the soil–structure interaction, locations of the sensor installation, and the influence of shapes of scour holes.

Publisher's Statement

© 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Publisher's version of record: https://doi.org/10.1002/stc.1937

Publication Title

Structural Control and Health Monitoring