Economic relationships and market trends of the rare earths

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This paper considers the market trends of the rare earths and how they are strongly influenced by the by-product/co-product nature of their mining and processing. The two main economic minerals for the rare earths are bastnasite and monazite. Monazite is primarily a by-product of mining ilmenite and rutile and is affected by changes in these markets as well as the presence of thorium. Bastnasite is a byproduct of mining iron ore in China and a stand-alone product in the USA. The paper will use conceptional relationships and empirical data to delineate the various by-products/co-products relationships and how they determine observed market behavior.

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© 1996 Taylor and Francis. Publisher’s version of record: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14041049609409432

Publication Title

Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report