Urbanization and mining: a case study of Michigan

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The US mining industry is increasingly an industry of industrial and construction minerals production. In 2002, these types of minerals accounted for 80% of the value of non-fuel minerals produced in the USA. Industrial and construction mineral production tend to be smaller operations and nearer urban areas than metallic mining and have somewhat different problems. This paper is a study of the growing impact of urbanization and land-use fragmentation on mining, particularly industrial and construction minerals production. An analysis of the state of Michigan is used as a case study to present the issues and concerns.

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© 2003 Elsevier Ltd. Publisher’s version of record: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.resourpol.2004.06.001

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