Document Type


Publication Date



The weight of much expert forest management opinion is that issues such as climate change can be effectively addressed only if forest policy-making moves from a purely sectoral focus and undergoes a shift to a more integrated multi-issue, multi-sector policy-making process. This is because credible adaptation policies in the sector require greatly enhanced multi-sectoral policy integration if they are to succeed. But this requirement may be beyond the capacity of many countries to deliver. This article explores the integration challenges faced by forest policy-making in Canada and the United States and uses the case of Assisted Tree Migration (ATM) to probe the reasons for the failure of institutions in both countries to develop and manage better vertical and horizontal integration in a climate change related forest policy area. The article emphasizes the importance of previous rounds of policy-making or ‘policy legacies’ which serve to constrain contemporary policy options. It argues that due to presence of many such legacies, forest policy development will continue to feature incremental adjustments through policy layering and policy drift, processes which limit the prospects for greater integration and better climate change adaptation in this sector.

Publisher's Statement

© 2016 Taylor and Francis. Postprint version of work deposited here in compliance with publisher policies.

Publication Title

Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research





To view the content in your browser, please download Adobe Reader or, alternately,
you may Download the file to your hard drive.

NOTE: The latest versions of Adobe Reader do not support viewing PDF files within Firefox on Mac OS and if you are using a modern (Intel) Mac, there is no official plugin for viewing PDF files within the browser window.