Michigan's RPS ballot defeat: A policy failure or success?
Despite heavy reliance on fossil fuels, Michigan's electorate soundly defeated a Renewable Energy Amendment in 2012 (Proposal 3). The proposal would have mandated that 25% of its electricity come from renewable energy resources by 2025. Prior to the election the State had legislated a 10% goal of adopting more renewable energy into its electricity system through a renewable portfolio standard. Was the defeat a policy failure? This paper employs concepts from the policy failure literature to answer the question. We argue that a traditional policy evaluation such as cost-benefit analysis (CBA) needs to be considered along with broader “political” evaluations. CBA results are complemented with political analysis, which reveal the complexity of evaluating key energy strategies.
Energy Strategy Reviews
Li, Fei; Solomon, Barry D.; and Wellstead, Adam, "Michigan's RPS ballot defeat: A policy failure or success?" (2014). Department of Social Sciences Publications. 15.