Observation of Accelerating Wannier-Stark Beams in Optically Induced Photonic Lattices
We generate optical beams analogous to the Wannier–Stark states in semiconductor superlattices and observe that the two main lobes of the WS beams self-bend (accelerate) along two opposite trajectories in a uniform one-dimensional photonic lattice. Such self-accelerating features exist only in the presence of the lattice and are not observed in a homogenous medium. Under the action of nonlinearity, however, the beam structure and acceleration cannot be preserved. Our experimental observations are in qualitative agreement with theoretical predictions.
Qi, X., Makris, K. G., El-Ganainy, R., Zhang, P., Bai, J., Christodoulides, D. N., & Chen, Z. (2014). Observation of accelerating Wannier-Stark beams in optically induced photonic lattices. Optics Letters, 39(4), 1065-1068. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1364/ol.39.001065