Date of Award
Master of Science in Mechanical Engineering (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics
Intraneural Ganglion Cyst is disorder observed in the nerve injury, it is still unknown and very difficult to predict its propagation in the human body so many times it is referred as an unsolved history. The treatments for this disorder are to remove the cystic substance from the nerve by a surgery. However these treatments may result in neuropathic pain and recurrence of the cyst. The articular theory proposed by Spinner et al., (Spinner et al. 2003) considers the neurological deficit in Common Peroneal Nerve (CPN) branch of the sciatic nerve and adds that in addition to the treatment, ligation of articular branch results into foolproof eradication of the deficit. Mechanical modeling of the affected nerve cross section will reinforce the articular theory (Spinner et al. 2003). As the cyst propagates, it compresses the neighboring fascicles and the nerve cross section appears like a signet ring. Hence, in order to mechanically model the affected nerve cross section; computational methods capable of modeling excessively large deformations are required. Traditional FEM produces distorted elements while modeling such deformations, resulting into inaccuracies and premature termination of the analysis. The methods described in research report have the capability to simulate large deformation. The results obtained from this research shows significant deformation as compared to the deformation observed in the conventional finite element models. The report elaborates the neurological deficit followed by detail explanation of the Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamic approach. Finally, the results show the large deformation in stages and also the successful implementation of the SPH method for the large deformation of the biological organ like the Intra-neural ganglion cyst.
Lokhande, Sachin, "SIMULATING LARGE DEFORMATION OF INTRANEURAL GANGLION CYST USING FINITE ELEMENT METHOD", Master's report, Michigan Technological University, 2013.