Date of Award
Doctor of Philosophy in Mathematical Sciences (PhD)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Mathematical Sciences
Franz X. Tanner
Kathleen A. Feigl
Computational models for the investigation of flows in deformable tubes are developed and implemented in the open source computing environment OpenFOAM. Various simulations for Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids under various flow conditions are carried out and analyzed. First, simulations are performed to investigate the flow of a shear-thinning, non-Newtonian fluid in a collapsed elastic tube and comparisons are made with experimental data. The fluid is modeled by means of the Bird-Carreau viscosity law. The computational domain of the deformed tube is constructed from data obtained via computer tomography imaging. Comparison of the computed velocity fields with the ultrasound Doppler velocity profile measurements show good agreement, as does the adjusted pressure drop along the tube's axis. Analysis of the shear rates show that the shear-thinning effect of the fluid becomes relevant in the cross-sections with the biggest deformation.
The peristaltic motion is simulated by means of upper and lower rollers squeezing the fluid along a tube. Two frames of reference are considered. In the moving frame the computational domain is fixed and the coordinate system is moving with the roller speed, and in the fixed frame the roller is represented by a deforming mesh. Several two-dimensional simulations are carried out for Newtonian and non-Newtonian fluids. The effect of the shear-thinning behavior of the fluid on the transport efficiency is examined. In addition, the influence of the roller speed and the gap width between the rollers on the xxvii transport efficiency is discussed. Comparison with experimental data is also presented and different types of moving waves are implemented. In addition, the influence of the roller speed and the gap width between the rollers on the transport efficiency is discussed. Comparison with experimental data is also presented and different types of moving waves are implemented.
Al-Habahbeh, Abdallah A., "SIMULATIONS OF NEWTONIAN AND NON-NEWTONIAN FLOWS IN DEFORMABLE TUBES", Dissertation, Michigan Technological University, 2013.