Date of Award


Document Type

Master's Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science in Chemistry (MS)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Chemistry


Rudy L Luck


The work presented in this dissertation deals with the coordination chemistry of the bis(benzyl)phosphinate ligand with vanadium, tungsten and cobalt. The long term goal of this project was to produce and physically characterize high oxidation state transition metal oxide phosphinate compounds with potential catalytic applications.

The reaction of bis(benzyl)phosphinic acid with VO(acac)2 in the presence of water or pyridine leads to the synthesis of trimeric vanadium(IV) clusters (V33-O)O2)(µ2-O2P(CH2C6H5)2)6(H2O) and (V33-O)O2)(µ2-O2P(CH2C6H5)2)6(py). In contrast, when diphenylphosphinic acid or 2-hydroxyisophosphindoline-2-oxide were reacted with VO(acac)2, insoluble polymeric compounds were produced. The trimeric clusters were characterized using FTIR, elemental analysis, single crystal diffraction, room temperature magnetic susceptibility, thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry. The variable-temperature, solid-state magnetic susceptibility was measured on (V33-O)O2)(µ2-O2P(CH2C6H5)2)6(py). The polymeric compounds were characterized using FTIR, powder diffraction and elemental analysis.

Two different cubane clusters made of tungsten(V) and vanadium(V) were stabilized using bis(benzyl)phosphinate. The oxidation of (V33-O)O2)(µ2-O2P(CH2C6H5)2)6(H2O) with tBuOOH led to the formation of V43-O)42-O2P(Bn)2)4(O4). W43-O)42-O2P(Bn)2)4(O4) was produced by heating W(CO)6 in a 1:1 mixture of EtOH/THF at 120 ˚C. Both compounds were characterized using single crystal diffraction, FTIR, 31P-NMR, 1H-NMR and elemental analysis. W43-O)42-O2P(Bn)2)4(O4) was also characterized using UV-vis.

Cobalt(II) reacted with bis(benzyl)phosphinate to produce three different dinuclear complexes. [(py)3Co(µ2-O2P(Bn)2)3Co(py)][ClO4], (py)3Co(µ2-O2P(Bn)2)3Co(Cl) and (py)(µ2-NO3)Co(µ2-O2P(Bn)2)3Co(py) were all characterized using single crystal diffraction, elemental analysis and FTIR. Room temperature magnetic susceptibility measurements were performed on [(py)3Co(µ2-O2P(Bn)2)3Co(py)][ClO4] and (py)3Co(µ2-O2P(Bn)2)3Co(Cl). The variable-temperature, solid-state magnetic susceptibility was also measured on [(py)3Co(µ2-O2P(Bn)2)3Co(py)][ClO4].

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