Date of Award
Master of Science in Physics (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Physics
Gregory M Odegard
Carbon nanotube (CNT) is a one dimensional (1-D) nanostructured material, which has been the focal point of research over the past decade for intriguing applications ranging from nanoelectronics to chemical and biological sensors. Using a first-principles gradient corrected density functional approach, we present a comprehensive study of the geometry and energy band gap in zig-zag semi-conducting (n,0) carbon nanotubes (CNT) to resolve some of the conflicting findings. Our calculations confirm that the single wall (n,0) CNTs fall into two distinct classes depending upon n mod 3 equal to 1 (smaller band gaps) or 2 (larger gaps). The effect of longitudinal strain on the band gap further confirms the existence of two distinct classes: for n mod 3 = 1 or 2, changing Eg by ~ ±110 meV for 1% strain in each case. We also present our findings for the origin of metallicity in multiwall CNTs.
Valavala, Pavan Kumar, "Electronic properties of zig-zag carbon nanotubes : a first-principles study", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2008.