Off-campus Michigan Tech users: To download campus access theses or dissertations, please use the following button to log in with your Michigan Tech ID and password: log in to proxy server
Non-Michigan Tech users: Please talk to your librarian about requesting this thesis or dissertation through interlibrary loan.
Date of Award
Master of Science in Chemical Engineering (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Chemical Engineering
Surendra K Kawatra
Carbon dioxide (CO2) capture and storage experiments were conducted at ambient conditions in varying weight % sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) solutions. Experiments were conducted to determine the optimal amount of Na2CO3 in solution for CO2 absorption. It was concluded that a 2% Na2CO3 solution, by weight, was the most efficient solution. The 2% Na2CO3 solution is able to absorb 0.5 g CO2/g Na2CO3. These results led to studies to determine how the gas bubble size affected carbon dioxide absorption in the solution. Studies were conducted using ASTM porosity gas diffusers to vary the bubble size. Gas diffusers with porosities of fine, medium, and extra coarse were used. Results found that the medium porosity gas diffuser was the most efficient at absorbing CO2 at 50%. Variation in the bubble size concluded that absorption of carbon dioxide into the sodium carbonate solution does depend on the bubble size, thus is mass transfer limited. Once the capture stage was optimized (amount of Na2CO3 in solution and bubble size), the next step was to determine if carbon dioxide could be stored as a calcium carbonate mineral using calcium rich industrial waste and if the sodium carbonate solution could be simultaneously regenerated. Studies of CO2 sequestration at ambient conditions have shown that it is possible to permanently sequester CO2 in the form of calcium carbonate using a calcium rich industrial waste. Studies have also shown that it is possible to regenerate a fraction of the sodium carbonate solution.
Spigarelli, Brett P., "Approach to carbon dioxide capture and storage at ambient conditions", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2012.