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Date of Award

2011

Document Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy in Mechanical Engineering–Engineering Mechanics (PhD)

College, School or Department Name

Department of Mechanical Engineering-Engineering Mechanics

First Advisor

Tammy Lynn Haut Donahue

Abstract

Menisci are anchored to the tibia by means of ligament-like structures called meniscal attachments. Failure material properties of bovine meniscal attachments were obtained. There were no significant differences in the structural properties or ultimate stress between the meniscal attachments (p>0.05). Furthermore, Glycosaminoglycan (GAG) fraction and crimping frequency was obtained for each attachment using histology and differential interference contrast (DIC) respectively. Results showed that the anterior attachment’s insertion had the greatest GAG fraction when compared to the posterior attachment’s insertion. Crimp frequency of the collagen fibrils was homogeneous along the length. Moreover, Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) technique was used to reveal the morphology of collagen in human meniscal attachments. Its midsubstance was composed of collagen fascicles running parallel to the longitudinal axis, with a few fibrils running obliquely, and others transversely. There were no differences between attachments for crimping angle or length. Since ligamentous-type tissues are comprised mainly of water, the fluid pressure within meniscal horn attachments was measured using a Fiber Optic Microsensor (FOM). Four cadaveric human joints were subjected to 2BW compressive load (ramp) at 0-, 15-, and 30-degrees of flexion for a minute and then the load was hold for 20 minutes (equilibrium). There were significant differences between 0- and 15- (p1– c5) were obtained. Significant differences were found on the straightened collagen fibers coefficient (c5) between MP and LA attachments (p

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