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Date of Award
Master of Science in Electrical Engineering (MS)
College, School or Department Name
Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Michael C Roggemann
The purpose of this research was to develop a working physical model of the focused plenoptic camera and develop software that can process the measured image intensity, reconstruct this into a full resolution image, and to develop a depth map from its corresponding rendered image. The plenoptic camera is a specialized imaging system designed to acquire spatial, angular, and depth information in a single intensity measurement. This camera can also computationally refocus an image by adjusting the patch size used to reconstruct the image. The published methods have been vague and conflicting, so the motivation behind this research is to decipher the work that has been done in order to develop a working proof-of-concept model. This thesis outlines the theory behind the plenoptic camera operation and shows how the measured intensity from the image sensor can be turned into a full resolution rendered image with its corresponding depth map. The depth map can be created by a cross-correlation of adjacent sub-images created by the microlenslet array (MLA.) The full resolution image reconstruction can be done by taking a patch from each MLA sub-image and piecing them together like a puzzle. The patch size determines what object plane will be in-focus. This thesis also goes through a very rigorous explanation of the design constraints involved with building a plenoptic camera. Plenoptic camera data from Adobe © was used to help with the development of the algorithms written to create a rendered image and its depth map. Finally, using the algorithms developed from these tests and the knowledge for developing the plenoptic camera, a working experimental system was built, which successfully generated a rendered image and its corresponding depth map.
Kemker, Ronald M., "Plenoptic camera : theory and experimental results", Master's Thesis, Michigan Technological University, 2011.