Title

Economic relationships and market trends of the rare earths

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1996

Abstract

This paper considers the market trends of the rare earths and how they are strongly influenced by the by-product/co-product nature of their mining and processing. The two main economic minerals for the rare earths are bastnasite and monazite. Monazite is primarily a by-product of mining ilmenite and rutile and is affected by changes in these markets as well as the presence of thorium. Bastnasite is a byproduct of mining iron ore in China and a stand-alone product in the USA. The paper will use conceptional relationships and empirical data to delineate the various by-products/co-products relationships and how they determine observed market behavior.

Publisher's Statement

© 1996 Taylor and Francis. Publisher’s version of record: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/14041049609409432

Publication Title

Minerals & Energy - Raw Materials Report